The facade of the building is responsible for the formation of a neat appearance and for ensuring a comfortable and cozy environment indoors. For climatic reasons, it is impossible to create a favorable atmosphere without thermal insulation.
Insulation of the ventilated facade is relevant not only during the construction of new buildings, but also during the repair of old. In the system of ventilated facades of thermal insulation is approximately 40%, this allows you to reduce heating costs.
Installation of the thermal insulation layer involves a gap between lining and thermal insulation. Depending on the project, the insulation install one or two layers.
The most common insulation for ventilated facades is mineral wool or basalt insulation – a reliable high -quality insulation. Has established itself all over the world. Thickness 50-200 mm, size 600×1000 mm, 600×1200 mm. Density 30, 100 kg/m3, double density is available.
The heat -insulating system of ventilated facades is a set of well -chosen elements that can provide high -quality and reliable thermal protection. Due to the difference in heights and wind pressure through the open space that is located at the bottom of the system, the air enters the ventilated layer. It rises up the upper layer of the insulation, captures steam from the outer surface of the insulation. Thanks to this movement of air, the insulation remains dry for a long time, maintaining its qualities.
Criterias of choice
The main task of the insulation is to ensure the thermal protection of the building, and, therefore, the main criteria in the choice are:
Coefficient of thermal conductivity.
Compression and flexibility. Material, when arranging a thermal insulation layer, should fit tightly against the carrier wall without forming the cracks.
Sufficient strength. To fix the material to the structure.
High resistance to gap of layers.
High degree of fire safety. The best option is insulation, class of non -combustible materials.
Service of high -quality insulation 50 years.
The installation of insulation should be performed in strict accordance with the norms and rules. Violation of technology will entail an increase in humidity, which leads to the formation of fungi, mold, and as a result – the destruction of the walls.
Insulation of ventilated facades should be carried out by materials that have passed the necessary certification and meet the standards of fire safety, steam and environmental requirements. The technology of insulation directly depends on the selected materials for facing the building and insulation.
General stages suitable for all types of insulation:
Surface preparation. The adhesive composition is applied to thermal insulation, which, in turn, is glued to the outer wall panels.
Cracks, joints, places adjacent to windows and doors are processed with a special composition.
The insulation is fixed with dowels and bolts with washers.
A waterproof layer is applied.
The reinforcing mesh is fixed.
Why do you need a heater
The thermal insulation layer creates a favorable microclimate indoors, the cost of heating the room is significantly reduced, and the soundproofing of the building increases.