When choosing a frame design of the house, individual developers usually proceed with the fact that this method of construction is an inexpensive and quick option for erecting a house.
DIY frame building allows you to build a house on your own, which also leads to savings. Of course, in order for such a house to be a budget option, it is necessary to comply with the technology of erecting the supporting frame of the building, so that after afterwards it does not have to rebuild individual structural elements of the house.
Foundation. The frame walls of such houses are relatively light, and therefore the foundation can be built with less bearing capacity, which makes such a foundation cheaper than usual. Most often, column foundations with reinforced concrete grillage are erected on frame walls. It is advisable to build a pile foundation on weak soils. Also, the frame design requires laying embedded parts in the foundation, to which the frame will be mounted.
Walls. The basis of the entire frame house is the actual frame, which consists of vertical racks, with horizontal beds attached to greater strength with slants. The frame on both sides lined with leaf facing material. Durability and strength to a greater extent depends on the materials used, as well as on the method of attaching structural elements of the building. Most often, the material for the frame is wooden bars about six meters long.
When preparing lumber, it should be borne in mind that the tree, when it dries, loses about 6% of its length. The moisture content of wood should be in the range of 10-15%. For greater strength of the frame, glued beam can be used, which is also more resistant to decay. Of course, the use of glued wood leads to a rise in the cost of the cost of materials.
You can also combine by making the outer part of the frame of glued beams, and the internal with ordinary wood. The length of the racks also affects the strength of the structure: through racks in the entire height of the building give the design of greater strength compared to short -standing racks, the use of which requires a large number of additional mounting nodes. The space between the inner and external frame is filled with insulation, which makes such a wall of low thermal conductivity.
Roof. The design of the roof of the frame house is not much different from the design used in the construction of ordinary low -rise buildings. The upper coating can be different both wavy sheets and roller materials. With the frame structure, gable roofs were gained due to their simplicity of installation technology, as well as because such roofs allows you to build a spacious and voluminous attic.
DIY frame house