As a rule, the foundation for the garage is poured a few months before the start of the main construction work, that is, the outline of the walls. This is due to the duration of the staging of the strip foundation, which is most often used in construction, including garages. If the foundation is fragile, it will not completely freeze, then the reliability of the garage building itself can not be discussed, but each owner of the land plot wants the garage to meet all the requirements and standards in construction, is a durable and reliable structure. Untimely erection of walls after pouring the strip foundation negatively affects the safety of the building, so it is necessary to wait with the masonry of brick 2-3 months after the work on arranging the foundation.
Photos of various foundations for garage
Types of the foundation
The ribbon foundation for the garage is the most popular type of foundation in garage construction, since most often the garage is built from brick wooden and metal analogues quite rarely found on country land plots. For the last two types of garages, it is advisable to use a slab foundation. Depending on the quality of the soil, experts can recommend using the column foundation for the garage, but only in cases where construction is carried out on stony soils or other unfavorable buildings.
We lay the foundation
With your own hands, filling the foundation for the garage, you must follow some rules. Firstly, at the preliminary stage of the work, it is necessary to dig a trench of its width should be a third more than the width of the wall of the future structure. Therefore, do not try to make a trench too narrow or exactly the same width as the width of the garage wall. When digging a trench, one should remember the depth of the foundation in most cases, the depth of the foundation for the garage is recommended below the level of soil cover by 80 cm. It is this depth that will not allow the soil to freeze under the foundation. Perhaps in the southern regions of Russia this indicator will be slightly less. When calculating the width of the trench, you should remember the formwork, which will be installed in the trench at the time of work on pouring the foundation.
After the trench is ready, the sand is covered with a depth of 50 cm to its bottom, but this process is performed in two stages first covered with a trench by 25 cm, after which the sand is watered with water and compacted, and then the procedure is repeated. Now you can install the formwork and lay the reinforcement on the bottom of the trench. Metal rods are laid as follows: in the circle of the entire foundation, in parallel to its walls. In this case, the essential rule of the rods should be observed should overlap each other by 20 cm minimum. So that the rods are not violated during the pouring process, they are twisted with wire, and in order to avoid corrosion, all this structure is suspended above the sand level by several centimeters, after which the trench is poured with concrete. If the foundation is poured in hot weather, then it should be watered from time to time with water, which will not allow it to harden too quickly. Ignoring this procedure, the developer risks that during operation the foundation will begin to crack.
Garage foundation laying video