Expanding the area of a residential building is the natural desire of each owner. Adding the upper floor is a laborious and expensive solution, but you can attach an additional area to the house quickly and inexpensively.
We also recommend reading an article on the topic – ventilation in a frame house, and now we continue:
A frame extension to the house with your own hands is built is not difficult, however, it requires a master of some knowledge and skills.
We lay the foundation
As in large construction, the construction cycle begins with the arrangement of the foundation. For this, a ditch is buried around the perimeter of the future structure, at least 50 cm wide. For better adhesion of the structure with soil, sand and gravel are poured into the moat. Then the formwork is installed and concrete is filled. It is important that the composition of the solution and the depth of the foundation is taken into account the climatic features of the area in which the house is located.
The freezing point of the soil should be higher than the level of foundation. Another solution will lead to cracking the structure and the fragility of the entire structure. During drying, concrete is evenly watered with water for 3-4 days. The foundation must be given for at least a year to shrink.
The frame extension is built according to the same technology. There are two types of such housing:
In the first case, the walls are collected from ready -made panels made in special production conditions. Windows and doors are mounted in the workpieces. Yourself you just need to collect individual parts and secure them securely.
The second technology is more laborious. All elements are collected directly at the construction object. Make the base and strapping of the structure, and then fix the frame of metal or timber.
Frame walls require good insulation. It is enough to use thermal insulation material 20 cm thick to get the same thermal conductivity as brickwork.
The height of the extension is usually always lower than the main structure. Structurally, the roof should be arranged so that it goes under the cornice overhang of the main roof. A galvanized iron corner is laid in places of connection and seams are carefully sealed. The roof material is chosen the same that the main house is blocked. The heat -insulating material is necessarily laid under the roof.
Before starting finishing walls, ceilings and flooring, it is necessary to carry out all engineering communications into the room. The choice of further materials for internal arrangement already depends on the preferences and design abilities of the owner of the house.
Inexpensive frame extension to the house with your own hands
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