Prefabricated-monolithic technology for the construction of a reinforced concrete frame from prefabricated or monolithic columns and prefabricated floors, combined into a single system using monolithic crossbars – support, connecting beams, racks and other structures.
In prefabricated monolithic construction, there are two main technologies for building a house from reinforced concrete. The ceilings and part of the structures in such a house are factory-made and are used at the construction site in finished form. Part of the structures is erected by casting a monolith in the formwork.
Due to the rigid connection of prefabricated and monolithic structures, a stable, durable frame is obtained, which is practically not inferior to the usual Monolith in terms of performance.
To build a prefabricated monolithic frame, it is assembled from ready-made reinforced concrete supports, columns and ceilings. First, vertical supports are installed, connected with beams, on which hollow-core floor slabs are placed. All these elements are interconnected with the help of the removed pieces of reinforcement.
Between the slabs and beams there is space for the installation of crossbars. These connecting elements are made using monolithic technology – they construct a reinforced concrete frame, which is poured with concrete mortar. The monolith rigidly connects the prefabricated elements to each other. Concrete partially fills the voids of the floor slabs. Due to this, it provides increased structural strength. In this way, floor after floor is being built – a solid reinforced concrete frame is obtained. Further, walls, partitions, enclosing structures are being built in it. The frame of the building can withstand an earthquake up to 8 points. These houses are designed to last up to 100 years.